Ovarian cyst - Cause, removal, treatment of Ovarian cyst, ovarian cyst and pregnancy

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Home :: Womens Disease :: Ovarian cyst
 

Ovarian cyst - Cause, removal, treatment of Ovarian cyst, ovarian cyst and pregnancy

What is Ovarian cyst?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, saclike growths on the ovaries. Ovarian cyst can occur and regress, undetected, during a normal menstrual cycle. Ovarian cancer usually is described as the silent killer, but this is not always true. These cysts usually disappear within one or two menstrual cycles and the woman is rarely aware of them.

An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch that develops in or on the ovary. The cysts may contain liquid, or solid material or a combination of both.

An ovarian cyst is a growth or swelling on, or inside, the ovary. It may be solid, or filled with fluid. If yours is solid you might hear it called a tumour.

Ovarian cyst Facts and Information

Ovarian cysts are growths that form on the ovaries, the two small organs on either side of a woman's uterus that produce an egg each month. Ovarian cysts are very common in women during their reproductive years.

Seventy-five percent of ovarian cancer s are not diagnosed until the cancer has advanced to stage III or IV, giving a five-year survival rate of only 20%. Differentiating between benign and malignant ovarian masses is necessary because ovarian cancer is lethal, and there are no proven screening techniques.

Types of Ovarian cyst

  1. Complex Ovarian cyst
  2. Ruptured Ovarian cyst
  3. Ovarian Dermoid Cyst
  4. Hemorrhagic Ovarian cyst

Causes of Ovarian cyst

Cause of Ovarian cyst is basically unknown. Here are the list of

  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Metastatic cancer
  • Smoking
  • Early menarche
  • Infertility

Treatment and Cure of Ovarian cyst

Since ovarian cysts are typically isolated events that resolve on their own, surgery may not be appropriate. Oral contraceptives inhibit FSH, which stops ovulation, thereby giving the ovaries a rest.

Consult an obstetrician-gynecologist consultation when suspecting an ovarian-, uterine-, or pregnancy-related emergency.

If the cyst comes and goes, the doctor may prescribe birth control pills. These pills reduce the hormones that promote growth of cysts and prevent formation of large cysts.

For endometrial cysts , cystadenomas and dermoid cysts the treatment is to surgically remove the cyst. If the cyst is small enough the doctor can remove it via laparoscopy.

Ovarian cyst Diagnosis

As most cysts don't cause symptoms, they are found by chance, often on internal examination. They may also be picked up on an ultrasound scan during pregnancy or for another reason. The gynaecologist will ask about your periods, age, previous pregnancies, and whether sex is painful. All of this information will help in determining the type of cyst and how much it is troubling you. This examination will be followed by an ultrasound scan to build up a fuller picture.

Ovarian cyst and Pregnancy

Ovarian cysts are growths that form on the ovaries, the two small organs on either side of a woman's uterus that produce an egg each month. Ovarian cysts are very common in women during their reproductive years.

Ovarian cyst Symptoms

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