The following are the common symptoms of diabetes:
1. Polyurea (excessive and frequent urination): The sugar escaping through the kidneys, carries along with it, a lot of water. A diabetic, therefore, passes a lot of urine.
2. Poiydipsia (dryness of mouth and excessive thirst): This symptom is the result of efforts by the body to compensate for the fluids lost through excessive urine.
3. Loss of weight: When the cells cannot utilize glucose, the body disintegrates stored fats to provide the cells with necessary nourishment. As a result the person loses weight.
4. Weakness, fatigue and body-ache: The body also disintegrates stored muscle-protein to nourish the starving cells. This is the cause of under weakness and fatigue.
5. Wound-infection and delayed healing: Diabetes affects the small blood-vessels and nerves leading to a decrease in the blood-supply of the skin and derangement of skin-sensations. That is the reason why in the case of a diabetic, even a small wound easily gets infected and fail to heal in time.
6. Easy susceptibility to infections of the skin, gums and the respiratory system.
7. Aching or numbness of limbs and an abnormal increase or decrease in skin-sensations: Diabetes adversely affects the whole nervous system to give rise to these symptoms.
8. Sexual debility or impotence: General weakness, disintegration of muscle-protein, mental depression and undesirable changes in the blood-circulatory and nervous systems give rise to these symptoms.
9. Frequent changes in the sharpness of vision and the spectacle-numbers.
Besides the above symptoms, the following circumstances should also arouse suspicion of diabetes:
1. Sudden weight-gain after the age of 45 years.
2. Coronary heart disease.
3. Cerebral haemorrage.
The symptoms of diabetes described above are observed in only about 30 percent of diabetics. In others, especially during the earlier stages of the disease, there are no symptoms and the disease is diagnosed accidentally or on the basis of other complications from which the patient is suffering.
Related Topics on Diabetes
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Causes of Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
Diabetes and Diet
Treatment modes for Diabetes