Irritable Bowel Syndrome Information - symptom, cause, picture, treatment of
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Information
Irritable bowel syndrome can be defined, therefore, as an idiopathic clinical entity characterized by some combination of chronic (more than 3 months) lower abdominal symptoms and bowel complaints that may be continuous or intermittent.
Consensus definition of irritable bowel syndrome is abdominal discomfort or pain that has two of the following three features:
(1) relieved with defecation,
(2) onset associated with a change in frequency of stool, or
(3) onset associated with a change in form (appearance) of stool. Other symptoms supporting the diagnosis include abnormal stool frequency (more than three bowel movements per day or fewer than three per week); abnormal stool form (lumpy or hard; loose or watery); abnormal stool passage (straining, urgency, or feeling of incomplete evacuation); passage of mucus; and bloating or a feeling of abdominal distention.
Patients may have other somatic or psychological complaints such as dyspepsia, heartburn, chest pain, headaches, fatigue, myalgias, urologic dysfunction, gynecologic symptoms, anxiety, or depression.
The disorder is a common problem presenting to both gastroenterologists and primary care physicians. Up to 20% of the adult population have symptoms compatible with the diagnosis, but most never seek medical attention. Approximately two-thirds of patients with irritable bowel syndrome are women.