Heart Health - Article on Heart Health
"Heart" and the" Circulatory System" are vital organs of
the body. The diseases of heart and circulatory system are
not sudden, but a long-term process is involved.
Major risk factors:
Research has identified three major risk factors associated with
developing heart disease:
- Highblood pressure
The physiology of the diseases of the heart
The human heart is made of muscles, and they work ceaselessly from birth to death. It distributes blood to the body and is responsible for the control of the blood. The heart receives blood from all over the human body, they are transported to the lungs for purification purpose, receive it back from the lungs and then are distributed to the various parts in the body. The two types of blood, pure and impure are seperated by a built-in partition. The heart also has four valves made of soft tissues to ensure that the blood flows only towards pre-determined directions. The main coronary arteries supply blood to the heart for its pumping action. For correct functioning of the heart, the passage of these arteries should be kept free. If by any reason the passage is blocked or even narrowed, the heart gets a tardy or inadequate supply of blood and this becomes an obstacle in the proper functioning of the heart. An angiography can confirm whether the arteries are blocked or not.
Effect of high cholesterol and fats
High cholesterol in the blood is a major risk for heart and blood vessel disease. Although, cholesterol is an essential part of the body, yet its excess leads to serious heart trouble. Increase of cholesterol in the blood hardens the arteries and causes death ultimately. When arteries feeding the heart get blocked, heart attack occurs. When an artery leading to the brain gets blocked, a itroke occurs.
Average cholesterol level is between 5.1 and 6.5 according to the age. A level less than 5:2 normally is desirable. Even more ideal will be 4.8 or below. Cholesterol is a unique fatty substance transported through the blood stream by LDL and HOL carriers. When LDL increases, the risk of heart becomes greater, which indicates that it will be deposited in the arteries. When HDL is abundant, risk of heart attack is lessened.
How to deal with a heart-related emergency
In many cases, these heart ailments can lead to a heart attack or cardiac arrest. In both cases, the heart stops pumping blood. If the vital organs do not receive this vital oxygenated blood within minutes, they will begin to shut down. Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation, more commonly known as CPR, is a vital tool in keeping a victim’s heart pumping while medical help is on the way. When a rescuer is performing CPR she is manually doing what the heart and lungs can’t do automatically. Properly administered CPR can keep the vital organs working long enough for paramedics to arrive. CPR is particularly effective for infants and children. This is because the cartilage and the chest bone are still soft making it very easy to manually pump the heart. An infant’s heart can stop for a number of reasons so it is important that caregivers know how to administer infant CPR.